California – Third Biggest and Most Populous State in the United States
California has so many sights and scenes – from deserts to mountains to the Pacific Ocean and all the cities, people, and places therein.
I live in California, but it is so big and has so many attractions I have seen and experiences only a small part of them.
Depending on where you live in the state, some destinations you can drive to. While others you can fly directly to if they are in any of the larger cities.
100 Things To Do In California
by Caifornia Delicious
Published on Youtube on Jan 15, 2015
California’s population had reached 38,041,430 (2012 est) by 2012, making it the most populated state.
According to the Sacramento News & Review, California’s population, due to an influx of people will increase to 50 million people by 2025. While in contrast it is now 39.5 million people as I check Wikipedia in March 2018. California Population likewise in 2018 so far has now grown to 39,776,830 according to World Population Review.
California adds around 400,000 people a year according to the State Population Bureau.
California’s Large Scale Economy
California has a large 2.8 trillion dollar economy. Likewise it is larger than that of any other state in the country. If one were to consider it a country, it would be the 5th largest economy in the world. That’s larger than the U.K. or France. The state would be the 36th most populous as of 2017.
Similarly, the Greater Los Angeles Area is the second largest urban economy. San Francisco Bay Area is the nation’s third largest urban economy. Both as of 2017. The New York City metropolitan area is the largest economic area in the US as of 2017.
The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation’s highest GDP per capita in 2017. Most noteworthy it is home to four of the world’s ten largest companies by market capitalization. Also four of the world’s ten richest people live in that area.
Several big California Cities hold Lots of People
More than 12 percent of U.S. citizens live in California. Its population is greater than that of all but 34 countries. The state has eight of the top 50 US cities in terms of population.
Los Angeles is the nation’s second-largest city with a population of 4,018,000 people.
San Diego is the 8th largest city. San Jose (10th), San Francisco (14th), Long Beach is the 34th largest city. Fresno (36th), Sacramento (37th) and Oakland (44th) ALL largest city by population.
Los Angeles County has held the title of most populous county for decades. It is more populous than 37 US states. Note these statistics may have changed slightly.
California compares in size with Sweden. With over 160,000 square miles (411,000 km2),as a result the landscape of the state is vast and varied.
The state contains extremes in elevation. Mount Whitney rises to 14,505 feet (4,421 meters) and is the tallest mountain in the lower 48 states.
In contrast, Death Valley at almost 300 feet below sea level is the lowest elevation.
Climate In California
Likewise, the climate varies from Mediterranean to subarctic. A large part of the state has a Mediterranean climate, with cool, rainy winters and dry summers.
California is often geographically considered as two different regions. You hear about Southern California a lot. It generally comprises the ten southernmost counties of the state. While in contrast, Northern California comprises the other 48 northernmost counties.
In Northern California and upper parts of the state average higher annual rainfall than the south. California’s mountain ranges influence the climate as well.
The Central Valley has a Mediterranean climate but with greater temperature extremes than the coast. Its high mountains, including the Sierra Nevada, have an alpine climate.
As a result they have snow in winter and mild to moderate heat in summer. Sometimes, however, there is not enough snow or rain, consequently the state has a severe drought.
California is bordered to the north by Oregon. Nevada is to the east. Arizona is southeast and Baja California, a state of Mexico, to the south.
California has wide ranging geography. It ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west, to the Sierra Nevada mountains in the east.
In the northwest – from the Redwood–Douglas-fir forests. The Mojave Desert areas are in the southeast.
In the center of the state is the Central Valley, a major agricultural area. California also contains both the highest and lowest points in the contiguous United States. Highest is Mount Whitney. Lowest is Death Valley.
Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean-like climate, it is definitely not like that everywhere. Since the state is rather large, hence quite different climates appear in different parts of the state.
Temperatures vary considerably in the state. It is moist temperate rainforest weather in the north. You have arid desert and hot temperatures in the interior of the state. There is also snowy alpine climate in the mountainous areas in the winter season.
California has a Long Coastline and Lots of Earthquakes
The state has the 3rd longest coastline of all states (after Alaska and Florida). Earthquakes are a common occurrence. That’s due to the state’s location along the Pacific Ring of Fire. About 37,000 earthquakes are recorded annually.
For those living here in California we usually take earthquakes in stride. There, so far, in the over 60 years I’ve been living here, maybe just a handful of strong earthquakes that have done any significant damage.
Nearly 45 percent of the state’s total surface area is covered by forests. Its diversity of pine species is unmatched by any other state.
California contains more forestland than any other state except Alaska. Most noteworthy, many of the trees in the California White Mountains are the oldest in the world.
As a result, one Bristlecone pine has an age of 4,700 years. Many others are hundreds to thousands of years old.
In the southern part of the state is a large inland salt lake, the Salton Sea. The south-central area is a desert called the Mojave Desert.
Northeast of the Mojave Desert is Death Valley. Its the lowest and furthermore usually the hottest place in North America being 282 feet below sea level.
Almost all of southeastern California is arid, and hot desert. Consequently it has routine extreme high temperatures during the summer. The southeastern border of California with Arizona is the Colorado River.
The southern part of the state gets about half of its water from there.
Immigration in California
In 2010, for the first time since the California Gold Rush in the mid 1800s, California-born residents make up the majority of the state’s population.
In 2011, the state saw a shift in its immigration pattern. As a result it now has more people coming from Asia and less from Latin America.
The state’s population of undocumented immigrants has been shrinking in recent years. Its due to increased enforcement and a slumping economy.
The number of migrants arrested attempting to cross the Mexican border in the Southwest plunged from a high of 1.1 million in 2005 to just 367,000 in 2011.
Illegal aliens constituted an estimated 7.3 percent of the state’s population. It is the third highest percentage of any state in the country, totaling nearly 2.6 million. More than half originate from Mexico.
Illegal aliens make up more than ten percent of the population in Los Angeles, Monterey, San Benito, Imperial, and Napa Counties.
Racial and Ancestral Makeup in California
According to the U.S. Census Bureau in 2011:
- 74% White (40% Non-Hispanic White)
- 14% Asian
- 6.6% Black or African American
- 2% Native American
- 5% Multiracial
- 0.4% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- 38% are Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
- 62% of the population is Non-Hispanic (of any race)
- 31% Mexican
- 10% German
- 8% Irish
- 7% English
- 4% Italian
Major Cities in California
These are some of the major cities in the state.
- Sacramento – The laid-back state capital with historic area of the city, Old Sacramento.
- Bakersfield– The world’s largest Basque population outside of Spain is found here and fine Basque restaurants abound.
- San Francisco– Golden Gate Bridge, Alcatraz, America’s largest Chinatown, cable cars, and Victorian houses
- Fresno– Gateway to Yosemite.
- Los Angeles – The state’s largest city, and 2nd-largest in the nation. L.A. is home to Hollywood, Venice, The Getty Center, and Griffith Park.
- Palm Springs– Desert recreation with golf, spas, resorts, casinos, and the famous aerial tramway.
- San Diego– Balboa Park, Old Town, SeaWorld, San Diego Zoo, and nearby Tijuana, Mexico.
- San Jose– South of San Francisco, home of the Winchester Mystery House, and the center of Silicon Valley, which is home to many technology companies.
- Santa Cruz – A central coast city. The home of the historic Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk, Mission Santa Cruz, and the Mystery Spot.
Other Destinations and Top Attractions
- San Francisco – San Francisco should be on everyone’s must-see list. Include the famous Golden Gate Bridge. Quaint neighborhoods, green spaces, historic sites, and cultural institutions are all here. You’ll enjoy the relaxed attitude in this hilly old city.
- Disneyland – Disneyland is the premier family destination. It is packed with rides, games, shows, and entertainment, complete with restaurants and hotels.
- SeaWorld San Diego — A theme park that is a classic family destination. It draws people from all over the Western United States to watch orca and dolphin shows.
- Lake Tahoe — A large, gorgeous lake high in the Sierra Nevada mountain range. It has water sports and excellent skiing in the winter.
- Hearst Castle — This historical monument, was built over a 28-year period starting in 1919. It sits at an elevation of 1,600 feet with fantastic views of the Pacific Ocean and Santa Lucia Range.
- Big Sur — one of the most scenic spots along the Pacific Coast Highway. Hiking and Camping are two of the most popular activities in the area.
- Universal Studios Hollywood — This movie studio and amusement park is a very popular attraction in California. It is perfect for families with teens and older children .
include glass bottom boat tours, scuba diving, kayaking, and parasailing.
10 Best Places to Visit in California – Travel Video
Published on Youtube on Oct 3, 2017
In this vlog, I take you through everything I did from February 3 – March 17 while studying abroad at the University of Edinburgh in Edinburgh, Scotland. I threw a lot of clips into this vlog, some of which include climbing Calton Hill, visiting the Scottish Highlands, going on my own walking tour of Harry Potter inspired spots around Edinburgh, and climbing Arthur’s Seat! Enjoy!
California’s National and State Parks
- Channel Islands National Park – five remarkable islands (Anacapa, Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, San Miguel, and Santa Barbara) and their ocean environment.
- Death Valley National Park – A place of legend and a place of trial with California’s most inhospitable terrain. Its extreme heat has left this desert area unusually beautiful.
- Joshua Tree National Park – The park is 800,000 acres and offers a range of diverse sites and fabulous campgrounds.
- Santa Catalina Island – It lies about 22 miles southwest of Los Angeles. It is a popular destination with boaters and day trippers.
- Lassen Volcanic National Park – witness a brief moment in the ancient battle between the earth shaping forces of creation and destruction.
- Redwood National Park – Stand at the base of a coast redwood and even the huckleberry bushes tower over you. Walk through a forest of giant redwoods, reaching more than 300 feet above you.
- Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks – These twin parks hold monuments to nature’s size, beauty, and diversity. They are home to the largest trees on earth. A visit to two Parks is a must for your bucket-list.
- Yosemite National Park – one of the first wilderness parks in the United States. Located in Northern California it is one of the United States most scenic, most visited national parks.
- Channel Islands National Park – The park is made up of five individual islands. It is a great place to see wildlife and a little bit of undisturbed nature.
California’s proximity to the Mexican border makes it easy for people to go to Mexico and vice versa. Visitors should be cautious while in areas near the border.
- Know where you are at all times, follow good safety procedures and use common sense when making decisions.
- Do not pick-up hitch hikers.
- Keep valuables, including spare change, out of sight and lock your vehicle.
- Avoid traveling in well-marked but unofficial “trails.”
- Avoid hiking or camping in areas of major border activity. If you are visiting a national or state park, consult park staff to help plan backcountry travel in safer areas.
- Report any suspicious behavior to the U.S. Border Patrol.
Crossing The California-Mexico Border
Thousands of U.S citizens visit Baja California, Mexico from Southern California every year. The majority of travelers are returning from an enjoyable experience.
However, a minority of travelers do experience difficulties and serious inconveniences while traveling to Mexico. If you are driving there (probably not a good idea) be sure you have auto insurance that covers you in Mexico.
Before traveling to Mexico, ensure that you have the proper documentation. Be familiar with the recommendations for foreign travel. Check with the U.S. Department of State and Bureau of Consular Affairs.
There are six border crossings between California and Mexico. The United States operates a consulate in Mexicali.
This is just a small sample of what’s here in California. There are lots of attractions to visit and enjoy and so much more. Read the articles below for more information.
More about California – coming soon